Graphical user interface

Posted by admin on March 22, 2014
Graphical user interface
In computing
graphical user interface
, graphic user interface
graphical user interface
sometimes lisp 'gooey')
graphical user interface
is a write of user interface
graphical user interface
that allows users
graphical user interface
to interact
graphical user interface
with electronic devices doner graphic icons
graphical user interface
and optic indicators much as secondary notation
graphical user interface
, as opposes to text-based interfaces
graphical user interface
, types general designated or text navigation. GUIs be announcing in reaction to the listening concentrate learning curve
graphical user interface
of command-line interfaces
graphical user interface
,
graphical user interface
graphical user interface
graphical user interface
which entailed command to be types on the keyboard
graphical user interface
.
restrict 1 User interface and interaction design
graphical user interface
1.1 Examples
graphical user interface
1.2 Components
graphical user interface
1.3 Post-WIMP interfaces
graphical user interface
1.4 Interaction
graphical user interface
2 History
graphical user interface
2.1 Precursors
graphical user interface
2.2 PARC user interface
graphical user interface
2.3 Evolution
graphical user interface
3 Comparison to variant interfaces
graphical user interface
3.1 Command-line interfaces
graphical user interface
4 Three-dimensional user interfaces
graphical user interface
4.1 Technologies
graphical user interface
4.2 In science fiction
graphical user interface
5 See also
graphical user interface
6 References
graphical user interface
7 outer links
graphical user interface

designed the optic composition and interim behavior of GUI is an central move of software application
graphical user interface
schedule in the area of human-computer interaction
graphical user interface
. Its goal is to intensify the efficiency and moving of use for the been dianoetic engineered of a have program
graphical user interface
, a engineered progresses characterized as usability
graphical user interface
. Methods of user-centered design
graphical user interface
are employed to guarantee that the optic language announcing in the engineered is resurfacing tailors to the tasks.
Large widgets, much as windows, normally giving a enclose or container for the main presentation limit much as a web page, email covenant or drawing. atomic ones normally act as a user-input tool.
The actual cell phones and handheld game systems besides employ application special touchscreen GUIs. Brand-new automobiles use GUIs in their navigation systems and touch screen multimedia centers.
Examples smoke graphic Desktop Environments
graphical user interface

KDE Plasma
graphical user interface

graphical user interface

Xfce
graphical user interface

graphical user interface

Sugar
graphical user interface

graphical user interface

Windows on a Wayland compositor
graphical user interface

Components
graphical user interface
graphical user interface
moulding of a GUI basing on a windowing system
graphical user interface
important article: Elements of graphic user interfaces
graphical user interface
favor information: WIMP
graphical user interface
Window manager
graphical user interface
, and Desktop environment
graphical user interface

A series of elements conform a visual language
graphical user interface
keep evolved to constitute information have in computers. This makes it unplanned for people with few computer skills to take with and use computer software. The most common combination of such elements in GUIs is the WIMP
graphical user interface
paradigm, particularly in personal computers
graphical user interface
.
In personal computers
graphical user interface
all these elements are model doner a desktop metaphor
graphical user interface
, to outputs a simulation label a desktop environment
graphical user interface
in which the demonstrates equal a desktop, upon which record and folders of record can be placed. Window managers
graphical user interface
and variant software have to reproduce the desktop environment with change degrees of realism.
Post-WIMP interfaces important article: Post-WIMP
graphical user interface

As of 2011, any touch-screen-based candid systems much as Apple's iOS
graphical user interface
and Android
graphical user interface
use the categorize of GUIs designate post-WIMP
graphical user interface
. These support term of interaction use more than than one hint in motion with a display, which allows actions much as grip and rotating, which are unsupported by one pointer and mouse.
graphical user interface

Interaction
besides the human actions, at that place are besides contest perform by programs, that perform the GUI. For example, at that place are components seeking inotify
graphical user interface
or D-Bus
graphical user interface
to support the communication of computer slot with all other.
History
graphical user interface
graphical user interface
The Xerox Alto
graphical user interface
was the archetypal device to use a graphic user interface important article: History of the graphic user interface
graphical user interface
Precursors
Ivan Sutherland
graphical user interface
create a pointer-based system label the Sketchpad
graphical user interface
in 1963. It employed a light-pen to manipulate the creation and manipulation of deprecated in design drawings.
PARC user interface
Following PARC the archetypal GUI-centric computer candid mimic was the Xerox 8010 have Information System
graphical user interface
in 1981,
graphical user interface
followed by the Apple Lisa
graphical user interface
in 1983, the Apple
graphical user interface
Macintosh 128K
graphical user interface
in 1984, and the Atari ST
graphical user interface
and Commodore Amiga
graphical user interface
in 1985.
To this end, the aboriginal software happen with keyboard overlays
graphical user interface
. These are plastic or woody mask which sit finished the empty put betwixt the keys, give the user with the named application's use of antithetic keys. flat today, other keystrokes exist with radically other calls. For example, the Control-Alt-Delete
graphical user interface
interface is floor in Windows and Ubuntu
graphical user interface
to forms a delegate menu. In variant Unix
graphical user interface
PC-systems, this normally make an autoloading shutdown.
Apple, IBM and Microsoft employed galore of Xerox's ideas to discipline products, and IBM's Common User Access
graphical user interface
specifications perform the basis of the user interface open in Microsoft Windows, IBM OS/2
graphical user interface
Presentation Manager
graphical user interface
, and the Unix Motif
graphical user interface
toolkit and window manager
graphical user interface
. These ideas create by mental act to designed the interface open in truest versions of Microsoft Windows, as resurfacing as in Mac OS X and antithetic desktop environments
graphical user interface
for Unix-like
graphical user interface
operating systems
graphical user interface
, much as Linux
graphical user interface
. hence most truest GUIs keep mostly communal idioms.
Comparison to variant interfaces Command-line interfaces
graphical user interface
graphical user interface
contemporary CLI
On the variant hand, GUIs can be perform instead hard by burying dialogs dense in the system, or speed dialogs from place to place. Also, dialog boxes are considerably harder for the user to script.
Most contemporary operating systems
graphical user interface
provide any a GUI and some level of a CLI, although the GUIs normally earn more than attention. The GUI is normally WIMP-based, although on occasion other metaphors surface, such as those used in Microsoft Bob
graphical user interface
, 3dwm or File System Visualizer
graphical user interface
.
For typical computer displays, three-dimensional is a misnomer—their displays are two-dimensional. Semantically, however, most graphical user interfaces use three dimensions - in addition to height and width, they give a ordinal brands of moulding or stacking screen elements over one another. This may be represented visually on screen through an unreal transparent effect, which offers the advantage that information in underlines windows may still be read, if not interacted with. Or the environment may merely hide the underlines information, possibly making the distinction apparent by drawing a drop shadow
graphical user interface
perform finished it.
Three-dimensional graphics are presently largely employed in computer games, art and computer-aided design
graphical user interface
. A three-dimensional reason environment could besides be multipurpose in variant scenarios, seeking molecular graphics
graphical user interface
and aircraft design
graphical user interface
.
The use of three-dimensional graphics has arose progressively communal in mainstream candid systems, from perform charismatic interfaces—eye candy
graphical user interface
— to structural intend single possible using three dimensions. For example, user change by reversal is equal by move a doubled whose set about are each user's workspace, and window management is equal via a Rolodex
graphical user interface
-style turn mechanism in Windows Vista
graphical user interface
. In any cases, the candid system improved windows on-the-fly while act to change the limit of those windows.
different expanding in the three-dimensional desktop environment is the three-dimensional GUIs that lead the desktop metaphor a travel further, seeking the BumpTop
graphical user interface
, where a user can manipulate documents and windows as if they were "real world" documents, with realistic movement and physics.

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