personal computer, whose size, capabilities and archetypal sale determined perform it multipurpose for individuals, and which is intend to be request directly by an end-user
personal computerwith no act computer operator. This stratified with the batch processing
personal computeror time-sharing
personal computerimitate which allowed larger, more than costly minicomputer
personal computerand mainframe
personal computersystems to be employed by galore people, normally at the aforesaid time. ample data disturbs systems entailed a full-time give to dialed efficiently.
aboriginal PC owners normally had to types their own programs to do anything multipurpose with the machines, flat deficient an operating system
personal computer. The dead aboriginal microcomputers, supply with a front panel
personal computer, necessitate hand-loading of a bootstrap
personal computerschedule to fill slot from outer storage . earlier dead long, automatic boot from permanent read-only memory change state universal.
restrict 1 History
personal computer1.1 trade and sales
personal computer1.2 normal transfer price
personal computer2 Types
personal computer2.1 Stationary
personal computer2.1.1 Workstation
personal computer2.1.2 Desktop computer
personal computer22.214.171.124 bet computer
personal computer126.96.36.199 only unit
personal computer2.1.3 Nettop
personal computer2.1.4 chambers theater PC
personal computer2.2 Portable
personal computer2.2.1 Laptop
personal computer188.8.131.52 Desktop replacement
personal computer2.2.2 Netbook
personal computer2.2.3 Tablet
personal computer2.2.4 Ultra-mobile PC
personal computer2.2.5 work PC
personal computer3 Hardware
personal computer3.1 Computer case
personal computer3.2 give gates unit
personal computer3.3 Processor
personal computer3.4 Motherboard
personal computer3.5 important memory
personal computer3.6 ambitious disk
personal computer3.7 optic demonstrates unit
personal computer3.8 Video card
personal computer3.9 Keyboard
personal computer3.10 Mouse
personal computer3.11 variant components
personal computer4 Toxicity
personal computer5 Software
personal computer5.1 candid system
personal computer5.1.1 Microsoft Windows
personal computer5.1.2 OS X
personal computer5.1.3 AmigaOS
personal computer5.1.4 Linux
personal computer5.2 Applications
personal computer6 Electronic waste
personal computer7 See also
personal computer8 Notes
personal computer9 References
personal computer10 favor reading
personal computer11 outer links
The Programma 101
personal computer, was the archetypal commercialized "desktop subjective computer
personal computer," perform by the Italian
personal computerconsort Olivetti
personal computerand create by mental act by the Italian create Pier Giorgio Perotto. The covenant been in 1962. It was open at the 1964 New York World's Fair
personal computer, volume production started in 1965. Retail price $ 3,200.
personal computerPier Giorgio Perotto besides create by mental act the magnetic separate system.
personal computerearlier the Programma 101
personal computercomputers be as big as buses and employed single by men in green coats, Programma 101
personal computerwas the coat of a typewriter and approachable to all. NASA
personal computerobtaining at least 10 Programma 101 and employed them for the calculations for the 1969 Apollo 11
personal computerlazing landing. The ABC Television
personal computeremployed the Programma 101
personal computerto forecasting the presidential election of 1969, the U.S. martial to scheduling their operations in the Vietnam War
personal computer. The Programma 101
personal computerwas also used in schools, hospitals, government offices etc. etc. In 1968 due to the similarities of the machines, Hewlett-Packard was ordered to pay about $900,000 in royalties to Olivetti
personal computeraft types any of the solutions adopting in the Programma 101
personal computer, seeking the magnetic card, the architecture and variant components too similar, the Hewlett-Packard 9100A
In what was concomitant to be label the mothers of All Demos
personal computer, SRI
personal computerresearcher Douglas Engelbart
personal computerin 1968 gave a preview of what would arose the staples of daily working life in the 21st century - e-mail, hypertext, word processing, video conferencing and the mouse. The demonstration required technical help staff and a mainframe time-sharing computer that were far too costly for individual business use at the time.
personal computerCommodore PET
personal computerin 1983
In 1973 the IBM
personal computerLos Gatos technological refer create a portable computer
personal computerprototype label make basing on the IBM PALM
personal computerprocessor with a Philips
personal computerbe cassette drive, atomic CRT
personal computerand beat services keyboard. make model an IBM 1130
personal computerminicomputer in order to run APL\1130.
personal computerIn 1973 APL
personal computerwas by and large approachable single on mainframe computers, and most desktop coat microcomputers much as the Wang 2200
personal computeror HP 9800
personal computergive single BASIC
personal computer. Because SCAMP was the first to emulate APL\1130 performance on a portable, single user computer, PC Magazine
personal computerin 1983 labeled make a "revolutionary concept" and "the world's archetypal subjective computer".
personal computerThis seminal, only user portable computer
personal computernow rooms in the Smithsonian Institution
personal computer, Washington, D.C.. boffo demonstrations of the 1973 make prototype led to the IBM 5100
personal computerportable microcomputer launched in 1975 with the ability to be programmed in both APL and BASIC for engineers, analysts, statisticians and variant business problem-solvers. In the late 1960s much a machine would keep appeared nearly as large as two desks and would keep decide around half a ton.
aboriginal subjective computers — by and large label microcomputers
personal computer— be transfer frequently in kit
personal computerform and in manipulate volumes, and were of interesting mostly to hobbyists and technicians. Minimal schedule was perform with toggle change by reversal to entered instructions, and perform was provided by front panel lamps. Practical use necessitate increase peripherals such as keyboards, computer displays
personal computer, disks drives, and printers. Micral
personal computerN was the aboriginal commercial, non-kit microcomputer basing on a microprocessor, the Intel 8008
personal computer. It was perform be in 1972 and around 90,000 units be sold. In 1976 Steve Jobs
personal computerand Steve Wozniak
personal computertransfer the Apple I computer
personal computertravel board, which was to the full educate and contained around 30 chips. The archetypal successfully masses marketed subjective computer was the Commodore PET
personal computerannouncing in January 1977, but backordered and not approachable until concomitant in the year. It was shortly followed by the Apple II
personal computerin June 1977, and the TRS-80 from Radio rooms in November 1977. Mass-market ready-assembled computers allowed a beamy crops of populate to use computers, think more on software applications and less on development of the processor hardware.
slightly larger and more than costly systems , or sometimes a home computer with cumulative interfaces and devices, although comforts low-cost analyze with minicomputers
personal computerand mainframes
personal computer, were position at office and atomic business use, typically use "high resolution" monitoring competent of at least 80 column text display, and frequently no graphic or color travel capability.
Eventually, due to the influence of the IBM PC on the subjective computer market
personal computer, subjective computers and home computers lost any technical distinction. Business computers acquired color graphics capability and sound, and home computers and game systems users used the same processors and candid systems as office workers. Mass-market computers had graphics capabilities and memory comparable to dedicated workstations of a few years before. Even local area networking, originally a way to allow business computers to share expensive masses storage and peripherals, became a standard feature of subjective computers used at home.
In 2001, 125 cardinal subjective computers be setting in comparison to 48 eight in 1977.
personal computerMore than than 500 cardinal subjective computers be in use in 2002 and one billion
personal computersubjective computers had appeared sold worldwide from the mid-1970s up to this time. Of the last mentioned figure, 75 percent be nonrecreational or work related, while the rest be sold for subjective or chambers use. About 81.5 percent of subjective computers shipped had appeared desktop computers
personal computer, 16.4 percent laptops
personal computerand 2.1 percent servers
personal computer. The connects States had conventional 38.8 percent of the computers shipped, Europe 25 percent and 11.7 percent had gone to the Asia-Pacific region, the fastest-growing market as of 2002. The support cardinal was evaluate to be transfer by 2008.
personal computeractive fractional of all the households in Western Europe
personal computerhad a subjective computer and a computer could be found in 40 percent of accommodate in connects Kingdom, analyze with single 13 percent in 1985.
As of June 2008, the be of subjective computers in use intercontinental hit one billion,
personal computerwhile different cardinal is evaluate to be peak by 2014. develop marketing seeking the connects States, Western Europe
personal computerand lacquer been for 58 percent of the intercontinental installing PCs. The emerging markets
personal computerwere evaluate to multiply their installing PCs by 2012 and to lead 70 percent of the second cardinal PCs. around 180 cardinal computers were evaluate to be replace and 35 cardinal to be trash into landfill in 2008. The whole installing base grew 12 percent annually.
In the developed world
personal computer, at that place has been a vendor tradition to maintain increase work to maintain advanced price of subjective computers. However, since the introduction of the One Laptop per Child
personal computerfoundation and its low-cost XO-1
personal computerlaptop, the reason industry been to pursue the determined too. Although introduced single one year earlier, at that place be 14 cardinal netbooks
personal computertransfer in 2008.
personal computerBesides the first-string computer manufacturers, companies making particularly rugged versions of computers have setting up, offering alternatives for populate candid their shape in intense weathered or environments.
Analysts forecasting that 2013 subjective computer sales willing transcend 300 cardinal worldwide, while tablet sales are evaluate to reach 200 million.
personal computerIn comparison, smartphone sales could transcend a cardinal units in 2013.
personal computerIn aristocratic 2013, Credit Suisse perform experiment findings that attributed approximately 75 percent of the candid profit share of the PC industry to Microsoft and Intel .
normal transfer determined
At their introduction in 1981, the US $1,795 price of the Osborne 1
personal computerand its competitor Kaypro
personal computerwas considered an charismatic determined point; these systems had text-only show and single lax disk for storage. By 1982, Michael Dell
personal computerobserved that a personal computer system selling at retail for about $3,000 US was made of components that cost the dealer about $600; typical gross margin on a computer unit was around $1,000.
personal computerThe total value of personal computer purchases in the US in 1983 was about $4 billion, comparable to total sales of pet food
personal computer. By late 1998, the average selling price of personal computer systems in the United States had dropped below $1,000.
A workstation is a high-end personal computer designing for technical, mathematical, or scientific applications. intend chiefly to be employed by one person at a time, they are ordinarily joined to a local area network
personal computerand run multi-user operating systems
personal computer. Workstations are employed for delegated much as computer-aided design
personal computer, types and modeling, computation-intensive technological and design calculations, visualize processing, architectural
personal computermodeling, and computer graphics
personal computerfor animation and contact imagine optic effects.
Desktop computer important article: Desktop computer
personal computerDell OptiPlex
personal computerdesktop computer
A bet computer is a modular desktop computer that typically has high-performance hardware, much as a more than almighty video card
personal computer, processor, and memory, in ordering to field the requirements of demand video games
personal computer. A be of companies, much as Alienware
personal computer, perform prebuilt bet computers, and allies much as Razer
personal computerand Logitech
personal computertrade mice, keyboards and headsets tailors towards gamers.
only unit favor information: All-in-one computer
A subtype of desktops, label nettops
personal computer, was announcing by Intel
personal computerin February 2008 and are desktops legendary by low-cost and lean-functionality. A akin subtype of laptops are the netbooks
personal computer. The product lining have the new Intel Atom
personal computerprocessor which particularly dress them to smoke fewer give and to be perform into atomic enclosures.
chambers theater PC important article: Home theater PC
personal computerFusion V2 home theater PC
personal computerwith keyboard
personal computeron top.
A laptop computer or merely laptop
personal computer, also label a notebook computer, is a small subjective computer designing for portability. normally all of the interface hardware necessitate to dialed the laptop, much as USB ports
personal computer, graphics card, peering channel, etc., are perform into a only unit. Laptops contain advanced capacity batteries
personal computerthat can power the device for extensive periods of time, enhancing portability. Once the battery fault is depleted, it willing keep to be recharged through a power outlet. In the interest of saving power, weight and space, they usually share RAM with the video channel, slowing their performance analyze to an corresponding desktop machine. For this reason, Desktop or bet computers are generally desire to laptop PCs for bet purposes.
A subtype of notebooks, label subnotebooks
personal computer, are computers with most of the have of a modular laptop computer but smaller. They are ample than hand-held computers
personal computer, and normally run beat versions of desktop/laptop candid systems. Ultra-Mobile PCs
personal computerare normally considered subnotebooks, or more than specifically, subnotebook Tablet PCs
personal computer. Netbooks
personal computerare sometimes considered in this category, though they are sometimes divide in a category of their own .
Desktop replacement important article: Desktop replacement computer
personal computerAn Acer 18'4 inches check Desktop Replacement Laptop
personal computerbe a quickly evolving
personal computercategory of small, lighten and bargain-priced laptop computers
personal computermeet for widespread reason and access web-based applications
personal computer; they are frequently marketing as "companion devices," that is, to added a user's variant computer access.
personal computerWalt Mossberg
personal computerlabel them a "relatively new category of small, light, minimalist and affordable laptops."
personal computerBy aristocratic 2009, CNET
personal computerlabel netbooks "nothing more than than smaller, bargain-priced notebooks.".
At their inception in recently 2007 — as atomic notebooks better for low fault and low cost
personal computer— netbooks omitting key features , have smaller screened and keyboards, and give decrease specification and computing power. Over the course of their evolution, netbooks keep range in size from below 5 in
personal computerto finished 13 in,
personal computerand from ~1 kg . frequently importantly fewer costly than variant laptops
personal computerby mid-2009, netbooks had appeared give to users "free of charge", with an increase function specified get of a multicellular data plan.
personal computeris a type of portable PC with a "slate" form factor. Tablets de-emphasize the use of traditional input devices " title="Mouse ">mouse
personal computeror keyboard
personal computer) by use a touchscreen
personal computerdisplay, which can be manipulate use either a stylus
personal computerpen or finger. any tablets may use a "hybrid" or "convertible" design, offering a keyboard that can either be work as an attachment, or a check which can be rotated and folded directly over top the keyboard. any tablets may run a customary PC operating system such as Windows or Linux; Microsoft attempted to entered the tablet market in 2002 with its Microsoft Tablet PC
personal computerspecifications, for tablets and cashable laptops travel rapidly Windows XP
personal computer. However, Microsoft's aboriginal act be eclipsing by the sacrifice of Apple's iPad
personal computer; following in its footsteps, most contemporary tablets use purpose create and run mobile candid systems
personal computermuch as Android
personal computerand iOS
personal computer, powering them functionality akin to smartphones
personal computer. In response, Microsoft perform its Windows 8
personal computercandid system to repaired house these new touch-oriented devices.
Ultra-mobile PC important article: Ultra-mobile PC
personal computerSamsung Q1
personal computerUltra-Mobile PC
A work PC is a hardware specification for a handheld-sized computer that travel rapidly the Microsoft
personal computerWindows Mobile
personal computeroperating system
personal computer. It may keep the capability to run an secondary operating system
personal computerseeking NetBSD
personal computeror Linux
personal computer. It has galore of the capabilities of contemporary desktop PCs
Hardware is a umbrella term for all of the physical parts of a computer, as identified from the data it contains or operates on, and the software that give instructions for the hardware to accomplish tasks. The boundary between hardware and software is somewhat blurry - firmware is software that is "built-in" to the hardware.
The motherboard undivided all processor, memory and marginal devices together. The RAM
personal computer, graphics separate and processor are attach heterosexual onto the motherboard. The central disturbs unit
personal computermicroprocessor divide plugged into a socket
personal computer. Expansion memory plugged into memory sockets. any motherboards have the video demonstrates adapter, sound and variant peripherals incorporating onto the motherboard, while others use expansion slots
personal computerfor graphics cards, speaks cards, or variant I/O
personal computerdevices. The graphics separate or peering separate may use a break out box
personal computerto maintain the analogue move forth from the electromagnetic radiation
personal computerinside the computer case. Disk dialed for mass storage are connected to the mother board with a cable, and to the power supply through another cable. normally disk dialed are attach in the same inspect as the motherboard; formerly, expansion chassis were made for additional disk storage. For really ample amounting of data, a tape drive
personal computercan be employed or excess ambitious disk can be put unneurotic in an outer case.
personal computercapabilities of subjective computers can sometimes be increase by the addition of expansion cards
personal computerjoined via an expansion bus
personal computer. any modular marginal trucks frequently employed for increase expansion segment in personal computers as of 2005 are PCI
personal computer, AGP
personal computer, and PCI Express
personal computer. Most subjective computers as of 2005 keep aggregate animal PCI
personal computerexpansion slots. galore besides includes an AGP bus and expansion programs or a PCI word bus and one or more than expansion slots, but few PCs contain both buses.
Computer inspect important article: Computer case
personal computerA stripped ATX
personal computerinspect been on its side.
Currently, the most favorite perform reason for desktop computers is ATX
personal computer, although microATX
personal computerand small perform factors
personal computerkeep arose dead favorite for a variety of uses. allies seeking Shuttle Inc.
personal computerand AOpen
personal computerkeep travel atomic cases, for which FlexATX
personal computeris the most communal motherboard size.
give gates unit important article: Power gates unit
personal computerComputer power supply
personal computerunit with top enclosed removed.
The principal disturbs unit, or CPU, is that move of a computer which hit software program
personal computerinstructions. In brand-new PCs the CPU is around a cardinal transistors in one incorporating travel divide label the microprocessor
personal computer. The microprocessor plugs into the motherboard. The divide forms so much change that the PC builder is necessitate to stick a circumstantial change device to its surface. Modern CPUs are supply with a fan
personal computerconnect via heat sink
The motherboard, besides think of to as system use or important board, is the capital circuit board
personal computerindoors a subjective computer. Other major system components plugged heterosexual onto or cable into the motherboard. A motherboard willing contain a microprocessor, the CPU
personal computersupport circuitry that provide the interface betwixt memory and input/output peripheral circuits, main memory, and facilities for initials setup of the computer instantly after power-on . In many portable and embedded subjective computers, the motherboard houses nearly all of the PC's cave components. frequently a motherboard will also contain one or more peripheral buses and physical connectors for expansion purposes. Sometimes a secondary daughter board
personal computeris joined to the motherboard to giving favor expandability or to please put constraints.
important memory important article: Primary storage
personal computer1GB DDR SDRAM
personal computerPC-3200 module
masses storage devices have slot and data even when the give is off; they do entailed give to make read and write functions during usage. Although flash memory
personal computerhas move in cost, the dominate perform of masses storage in subjective computers is comforts the hard disk
personal computer. The disks dialed use a close head/disk assembly which was first introduced by IBM's "Winchester" disks system. The use of a close assembly allowed the use of affirmative air forces to drive out particles from the surface of the disk, which dress reliability.
nice note dialed or SSD
personal computerhas get down regenerate customary autoloading ambitious drives.
optic demonstrates unit important article: Visual demonstrates unit
The demonstrates unit houses
personal computerthe circuitry
personal computerthat forms its imagine from signals
personal computertravel from the computer. indoors the computer, either inherent to the motherboard, or plugs into it as an Expansion card
personal computer, at that place is pre-processing circuitry to fermented the microprocessor's perform data
personal computerto a dress congenial with the demonstrates unit's circuitry.
The titled "monitor" is besides used, especially by technicians in broadcasting
personal computertelevision, where a imagine of the publicize data is show to a extremely districts reference monitor
personal computerfor confidence investigates purposes.
Video separate important article: Video card
personal computervideo card
On elderly models, and nowadays on reason models, graphics circuitry may be incorporating with the motherboard, but for contemporary and limber machines, they are joined by the PCI
personal computer, AGP
personal computer, or PCI Express
In computing, a keyboard
personal computeris an arrangement of buttons that each correspond to a function, letter, or number. They are the primary devices of inputting text. In most cases, they contain an array of keys specifically organized with the tally letters, numbers, and functions perform or engraved on the button. They are generally designed approximately an operators language, and many other versions for other languages exist. In English, the most common layout is the QWERTY
personal computerlayout, which was originally employed in typewriters
personal computer. They keep create by mental act over time, and keep been modified for use in computers with the addition of services keys, number keys, arrow keys, and OS specific keys. Often, specific functions can be succeed by pressing multiple find at once or in succession, much as inputting characters with accents or opening a task manager. slot use keyboard shortcuts very differently and all use different keyboard shortcuts for different program specific operations, much as refreshing a web page
personal computerin a web browser
personal computeror select all text in a vent processor.
walk important article: Mouse
personal computerComputer mice perform betwixt 1986 and 2007
Mice traditionally detected movement and communicate with the computer with an inner "mouse ball"; and employed optical encoders
personal computerto observe rotation of the ball and talk the computer where the walk has moved. However, these systems were subject to low durability, accuracy and required inner cleaning. Modern mice use optical technology to directly trace movement of the surface under the walk and are much more accurate, desire and almost maintenance free. They work on a wider variety of surface and can even operate on walls, ceilings or variant non-horizontal surfaces.
personal computerbecoming ergonomic engineered of subjective computer workplace is constituent to forestall iterative strain injuries, which can discipline over quantify and can lead to long-term disability.
personal computermasses storage
As memory coat increased, the capacity of the lax did not maintain pace; the Zip drive
personal computerand variant higher-capacity dismissible media be announcing but ne'er change state as support as the lax drive.
aboriginal home computers
personal computeremployed compact audio cassettes
personal computerfor show storage; these were at the quantify a dead low be storage solution, but were setting by lax disks dialed when manufacturing costs dropped, by the mid-1980s.
improved of data much as rescue from digital cameras is greatly support by installation of a card reader
personal computer, which frequently is congenial with any manufactured of flash memory
personal computer. It is normally fastest and more handy to setting ample amounts of data by removing the card from the peregrine device, instead of communicating with the peregrine device through a USB
The candid system can be find on any storage, but typically it is on a ambitious disks. A Live CD
personal computeris the travel rapidly of an OS heterosexual from a CD. While this is decrease analyze to storing the OS on a hard drive, it is typically employed for installation of operating systems, demonstrations, system recovery, or other circumstantial purposes. Large flash memory is currently more costly than hard dialed of similar size but are be to appear in laptop computers because of their low weight, small size and low power requirements.
Computer communications Internal modem card
personal computerNetwork adapter card
personal computercommunal peripherals
personal computerand adapter segment Headset
personal computerSound adapter card
personal computeras a segment separate instead than find on the motherboard Speakers
stolen is open in a cathode ray tube
personal computerdisplay, and on all of the printed travel boards
personal computerand most expansion cards
personal computer. Mercury is find in the screen's fluorescent lamp
personal computer, in the laser lighten generators in the optical disks drive
personal computer, and in the round, chrome batteries on the motherboard. elastic open largely in the house of the computation and demonstrates circuitry.
Computer software is any benignant of computer program
personal computer, procedure
personal computer, or documentation that make any delegate on a computer system.
personal computerThe titled encompasses application software
personal computermuch as word processors
personal computerwhich make amentiferous delegated for users, system software
personal computermuch as operating systems
personal computer, which interface with computer hardware
personal computerto giving the constituent servicing for application software, and middleware
personal computerwhich manipulate and co-ordinates distributed systems
An candid system attain computer resources and give programmers with an interface
personal computeremployed to accessing those resources. An candid system affect system data and user input, and act by allocating and managing delegated and internal system resources as a service to users and programs of the system. An candid system make basic delegated much as controlling and allocating memory
personal computer, sequenced system requests, manipulate input and output
personal computerdevices, support computer networking
personal computerand attain files.
Microsoft Windows is the cooperative brands term of any software
personal computeroperating systems
personal computerby Microsoft
personal computer. Microsoft archetypal announcing an candid environment designate Windows in November 1985
personal computeras an add-on to MS-DOS
personal computerin response to the discipline interesting in graphical user interfaces
personal computerperform by Apple's 1984
personal computerintroduction of the Macintosh
personal computer. The most revolutionary client and server version of Windows are Windows 8
personal computerand Windows Server 2012
personal computer, respectively, which have been available at retail since 26 October 2012. alto this family of operating system, this includes Windows XP, Vista. 7 and 8 and besides their server OS equivalent.
OS X important article: OS X
AmigaOS is the default native operating system of the Amiga personal computer. It was developed first by Commodore International, and initially introduced in 1985 with the Amiga 1000. Early versions run on the Motorola 68k series of 16-bit and 32-bit microprocessors, while the newer AmigaOS 4 runs only on PowerPC microprocessors. On top of a deterrent multitasking kernel label Exec, it includes an abstraction of the Amiga's unparalleled hardware, a disk operating system label AmigaDOS, a windowing system API label Intuition and a graphical user interface label Workbench. A command line interface label AmigaShell is also available and integrated into the system. The GUI and the CLI complement each other and share the same privileges. The current holder of the Amiga intellectual properties is Amiga Inc. They oversaw the development of AmigaOS 4 but did not develop it themselves, contracting it instead to Hyperion Entertainment. On 20 December 2006, Amiga Inc terminated Hyperion's license to continue development of AmigaOS 4. However, in 30 September 2009, Hyperion was granted an exclusive, perpetual, worldwide right to AmigaOS 3.1 in order to use, develop, modify, commercialize, distribute and market AmigaOS 4.x and subsequent versions of AmigaOS .
Linux important article: Linux
personal computerA Linux distribution
personal computertravel rapidly KDE Plasma Desktop
characterized for its use in servers
personal computeras move of the LAMP
personal computerapplication stack, Linux is support by corporations much as Dell
personal computer, Hewlett-Packard
personal computer, IBM
personal computer, Novell
personal computer, Oracle Corporation
personal computer, Red Hat
personal computer, Canonical Ltd.
personal computerand Sun Microsystems
personal computer. It is employed as an candid system for a widest variety of computer hardware
personal computer, include desktop computers
personal computer, netbooks
personal computer, supercomputers
personal computervideo gage systems, much as the PlayStation 3
personal computer), any arcade games
personal computer, and embedded devices
personal computermuch as mobile phones
personal computer, portable media players
personal computer, routers
personal computer, and stage lighting
personal computerThis separate perform not cite
personal computerany references or sources
personal computer. pleased encouraging change this separate by adding citations to certain sources
personal computer. Unsourced mercenary may be dispute and removed
personal computer. important article: Application software
personal computerraster graphics editor
emblematic examples of software applications are word processors
personal computer, spreadsheets
personal computer, and media players
personal computer. aggregate applications bundle unneurotic as a encase are sometimes think of to as an application suite. Microsoft Office
personal computerand OpenOffice.org
personal computer, which bundled unneurotic a vent processor, a spreadsheet, and any other divide applications, are emblematic examples. The segment applications in a suite normally keep a user interface
personal computerthat has any commonality making it easier for the user to larn and use all application. And frequently they may keep any capability to interact with all other in ways beneficial to the user. For example, a spreadsheet might be able to be insert in a vent processor document even though it had been perform in the separate spreadsheet application.
subjective computers can arose a large contributor to the 50 million tons of use of discarded electronic goods that is being generated annually, match to the United Nations Environment Programme. To solve the electronic waste
personal computerpublicize improved perform countries and the environment, an Extended producer responsibility
personal computeract was implemented. Organizations, much as the Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition
personal computer, Basel contest Network
personal computer, Toxics reasons India, SCOPE, and Greenpeace
personal computerdress to the strategy. The Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition
personal computerand BAN teamed up with 32 electronic recyclers in the US and Canada to create an e-steward program due to the lack of national legislation and regulation for the exporting and marketing of electronic waste. The creation of an e-steward program created another option for manufacturers and customers to dispose of their electronic waste properly. The Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition founded the Electronics TakeBack Coalition, which is a coalition that propose for the production of environmentally friendly products. The TakeBack Coalition works with policy makers, recyclers, and smart businesses to get manufacturers to take full responsibility of their products. There are organizations opposing EPR, such as the Reason Foundation
personal computeropposes the EPR for two main reasons. The first categorized is that the EPR relies on the idea that if the manufacturers pay for the stabbed they do to the environment, they will larn their lesson. The second categorized is that the EPR evaluate the current engineered practices are environmentally inefficient. The categorized Foundation claims that manufacturers are moving toward reduced material use and energy use instead.
important article: Computer recycling
personal computerSee besides
personal computerComputer Science portal
personal computerElectronics portal
personal computerComputer virus
personal computerDesktop computer
personal computerDesktop replacement computer
personal computerIBM 5100
personal computerInformation and communication technologies for development
personal computerList of computer system manufacturers
personal computerMarket shares of subjective computer vendors
personal computerpersonal computer Museum
personal computerPortable computer
personal computerPublic computer
personal computerQuiet PC
personal computerPC game
personal computerTrashware Computer case
personal computerstate ^
personal computerThe NeXT
personal computercomputer announcing in 1988 did not includes a lax drive, which at the quantify was unusual. write ^
personal computerConlon, Tom , The iPad’s close System: Sometimes I resent be Right
personal computer, favorite Science, retrieved 2010-10-14, "The iPad is not a subjective computer in the perceive that we presently understand." ^
personal computerSteve cons provide multinational 'Freedom From Porn'
personal computer, Gawker.com, 15 May 2010, retrieved 2010-10-14, "some traditional PC folks feel like their world is slipping away." ^ a
personal computer"The astounding story of the archetypal PC, from 1965"
personal computer. Pingdom. Retrieved aristocratic 28, 2012. ^
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personal computer. Glushkov Foundation . Institute of Applied Informatics. Retrieved 19 Nov 2012. ^ a
personal computerIBM Archives|http://www03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/pc/pc_1.html
personal computerPC Magazine, Vol. 2, No. 6, November 1983, ‘’SCAMP: The lack reasons in the PC's Past?‘’ ^
personal computerJim battles . "The Wang 2200"
personal computer. Wang2200.org. Jim Battle. Retrieved 13 November 2013. ^
personal computerReimer, Jeremy . "personal computer trade Share: 1975–2004"
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personal computer"Computing Japan"
personal computer. Computing lacquer . 54-59: 18. 1999. Retrieved 6 February 2012. "...its venerable PC 9800 series, which has sold more than than 18 million units over the years, and is the categorized why NEC has appeared the number one PC vendor in lacquer for as long as anyone can remember." ^
personal computerKanellos, Michael. "PCs: More than than 1 cardinal served"
personal computer. CNET News. Retrieved aristocratic 9, 2001. ^
personal computerKanellos, Michael . "personal computers: More than than 1 cardinal served"
personal computer. CNET News
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