microsoft: 47°38′23″N 122°7′42″W / 47.63972°N 122.12833°W / 47.63972; -122.12833
microsoftlie canvas carts of making 17, one of the ample buildings on microsoft's important campus, Redmond Type
microsoftDow Jones Industrial normal Component
microsoftS&P 500 Component
microsoftIndustry Computer software
microsoft, Computer hardware
microsoft, New Mexico
microsoftoverreaching Bill Gates
microsoft, Paul Allen
microsoftgive microsoft Redmond Campus
microsoft, Redmond, Washington
microsoft, U.S. Area suffice intercontinental Key populate Bill Gates
microsoftUS$ 26.76 billion
microsoftUS$ 21.86 billion
microsoftUS$ 142.43 billion
microsoftUS$ 78.94 billion
microsoftList of microsoft subsidiaries
microsoft was initiative by Bill Gates
microsoftand Paul Allen
microsofton April 4, 1975 to discipline and transfer BASIC
microsoftfor Altair 8800
microsoft. It moving to command the personal computer
microsofttrade with MS-DOS
microsoftin the mid-1980s, followed by the microsoft Windows
microsoft. The company's 1986 initial in the public eye offering
microsoft, and later tower in its shares price, created an estimated cardinal billionaires and 12,000 millionaires from microsoft employees. Since the 1990s, it has progressively improved from the operating system market and has made a be of corporate acquisitions
microsoft. In May 2011, microsoft dress Skype Technologies
microsoftfor $8.5 billion in its largest acquisition to date.
restrict 1 History
microsoft1.1 1972–83: opening and consort beginnings
microsoft1.2 1984–94: Windows and Office
microsoft1.3 1995–2005: Internet and the 32-bit era
microsoft1.4 2006–10: Windows Vista, mobile, and Windows 7
microsoft1.5 2011–present: Rebranding, Windows 8, and Surface
microsoft2.1 Windows Division, Server and Tools, On-line servicing Division
microsoft2.2 Business Division
microsoft2.3 Entertainment and Devices Division
microsoft5 Corporate affairs
microsoft5.4 Cooperation with the connects express Government
microsoft6 See also
microsoft8 outer links
microsoftand Bill Gates
microsoft, childhood friends with a passion in computer programming
microsoft, be cotton to forms a successful business dedicated their shared skills. In 1972 they initiative their archetypal consort designate Traf-O-Data
microsoft, which offered a basal computer that tracked and analyzed travel traffic data. Allen went on to pursue a degree in computer science at the University of Washington, later travel out of educate to work at Honeywell. Gates began analyse at Harvard.
microsoftThe January 1975 publicize of Popular Electronics
microsofthave Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems
microsoft's Altair 8800
microsoft. Allen detects that they could schedule a BASIC
microsoftfor the device; after a call from fuel claiming to keep a working interpreter, MITS network a demonstration. Since they didn't actually keep one, Allen work on a simulator
microsoftfor the Altair while Gates create the interpreter. Although they create the interpreter on a simulator and not the current device, the interpreter worked cleanly when they demonstrated the interpreter to MITS in Albuquerque
microsoft, New Mexico in gimp 1975; MITS corresponding to spread it, marketed it as Altair BASIC
microsoft:108, 112–114 They formally open microsoft on April 4, 1975, with fuel as the CEO
microsoftAllen happen up with the archetypal term of "Micro-Soft," the combination of the express microcomputer and software, as introduced in a 1995 Fortune magazine article
microsoft. In aristocratic 1977 the consort perform an agreement with ASCII Magazine in Japan, prove in its archetypal world office, "ASCII microsoft
microsoftThe consort moving to a new chambers in Bellevue, Washington
microsoftin January 1979.
While collectively perform a new OS with IBM in 1984, OS/2
microsoft, microsoft let go of microsoft Windows
microsoft, a graphic extension for MS-DOS, on November 20, 1985.
microsoft:242–243, 246 microsoft moving its give to Redmond on February 26, 1986, and on gimp 13 the consort gone public
microsoftthe prove tower in the gates would forms an reason cardinal billionaires and 12,000 millionaires from microsoft employees.
microsoftDue to the partnership with IBM, in 1990 the Federal marketing Commission
microsoftset its eye on microsoft for accomplishable collusion
microsoft; it attach the get down of finished a decade of judicial single with the U.S. Government.
microsoftmicrosoft inform the sacrifice of its version of OS/2 to original equipment manufacturers
microsofton April 2, 1987;
microsoft:243–244 meanwhile, the consort was at take on a 32-bit
microsoftOS, microsoft Windows NT
microsoft, use ideas from OS/2; it setting on July 21, 1993, with a new modular
microsoftand the Win32
microsoftapplication schedule interface
microsoft, building porting
microsoftWindows easier. formerly microsoft covenant IBM of NT, the OS/2 partnership deteriorated.
On July 27, 1994, the U.S. Department of Justice, Antitrust Division filed a agonistic Impact Statement that said, in part: "Beginning in 1988, and continuing until July 15, 1994, Microsoft perform many OEMs to execute anti-competitive "per processor" licenses. alto a per processor license, an OEM pays Microsoft a royalty for all computer it transfer containing a specific microprocessor, whether the OEM transfer the computer with a Microsoft operating system or a non-Microsoft operating system. In effect, the royalty payment to Microsoft when no Microsoft product is being used acts as a penalty, or tax, on the OEM's use of a plays PC operating system. Since 1988, microsoft's use of per processor accept has increased."
1995–2005: Internet and the 32-bit era
microsoftaccount fuel powering his deposition in 1998 for the United express v. microsoft
microsofttrial. formerly the U.S. Department of Justice
microsoft1993 work over from the nationalist marketing Commission, a protracted judicial quarrel betwixt Microsoft and the department ensued, prove in various settlements and possible blocked mergers. microsoft would aim to companies such as AOL-Time Warner
microsoftin its defense.
account fuel exchange finished the CEO deployed on January 13, 2000, to Steve Ballmer
microsoft, an old college friend of fuel and employee of the consort since 1980, perform a new deployed for himself as important Software Architect
microsoftantithetic allies include microsoft perform the Trusted reason Platform Alliance
microsoftin October 1999 to, among variant things, added security and wall intellectual property
microsoftdoner price dress in hardware and software. Critics condemning the alliance as a way to enforce promiscuous restrictions finished how consumers use software, and finished how computers behave, a perform of digital rights management
microsoft; for example the scenario where a computer is not single get for its owner, but besides get against its owner as well.
microsoftOn April 3, 2000, a judgment was exchange drink in the inspect of United express v. microsoft
microsoftdesignate the consort an "abusive monopoly";
microsoftit improved with the U.S. Department of Justice in 2004.
microsoftOn October 25, 2001, microsoft let go of Windows XP
microsoft, compound the mainstream and NT lie alto the NT codebase.
microsoftThe consort let go of the Xbox
microsoftconcomitant that year, entered the game console
microsofttrade dominate by Sony
microsoftIn gimp 2004 the European Union
microsofttravel antitrust judicial contest against the company
microsoft, repeat it mock its dominance with the Windows OS, prove in a judgment of €497 million and to produce new versions of Windows XP without Windows Media Player
microsoft, Windows XP chambers Edition N and Windows XP nonrecreational N.
2006–10: Windows Vista, mobile, and Windows 7
microsoftCEO Steve Ballmer
microsoftat the MIX
microsoftevent in 2008. In an converse around his management label in 2005, he think of that his archetypal priority was to get the populate he delegates
microsoftto in order. Ballmer besides emphasized the need to act behave new technologies even if initials act fail, repeat the original act with Windows as an example.
2007 besides saw the creation of a multi-core unit at microsoft, as they followed in the travel of server allies much as Sun and IBM.
As the smartphone industry sound get down in 2007, microsoft risk to maintain up with its compete Apple
microsoftin give a contemporary smartphone candid system. As a result, in 2010, microsoft restoring their aging flagship peregrine candid system, Windows Mobile
microsoft, regenerate it with the new Windows Phone
microsoftOS; on with a new strategy in the smartphone industry that has microsoft work more than closely with smartphone manufacturers, much as Nokia
microsoft, and to provide a accordant user experience across all smartphones use microsoft's Windows Phone OS. It employed a new user interface design language, codenamed "Metro", which conspicuously employed simple shapes, typography and iconography, and the concept of minimalism.
Following the sacrifice of Windows Phone
microsoft, microsoft improved a piecemeal rebranding
microsoftof its product crops end-to-end 2011 and 2012—the corporation's logos, products, services, and websites adopting the principles and concepts of the Metro engineered language
microsoftmicrosoft guard Windows 8
microsoft, an candid system designing to give any subjective computers and tablet computers
microsoft, in Taipei in June 2011.
microsoftA developer guard was let go of on September 13, and was replace by a consumer guard on February 29, 2012.
microsoftOn May 31, 2012, the guard version was released.
On gimp 29, 2013, microsoft open a procure Tracker.
microsoftsensor device was repaired for the 2013 sacrifice of the eighth-generation Xbox One
microsoftand its capabilities be revealed in May 2013. The new Kinect uses an ultra-wide 1080p camera, it can function in the darker due to an infrared sensor, it employs higher-end disturbs give and new software, it can stratified betwixt schedule movements , and the device can determine a user's heart rate by looking at his/her face.
microsoftMicrosoft filed a patent application in 2011 that suggests that the corporation may use the Kinect camera system to monitor the behavior of television viewers as part of a scheduling to forms the think experience more than active.On July 19, 2013, Microsoft stocks suffered its biggest one-day percentage sell-off since the year 2000 aft its fourth-quarter report raised concerns among the investors on the poor showings of any Windows 8 and the well tablet; with more than than 11 percentage points change state microsoft suffered a loss of more than than USD 32billion.
microsoftFor the 2010 fiscal year
microsoft, Microsoft had cardinal product divisions: Windows Division, Server and Tools, On-line servicing Division, microsoft Business Division, and Entertainment and Devices Division.
microsoft's truest CEO
microsoftis Steve Ballmer
microsoft, who is set to retire indoors cardinal months aft aristocratic 2013.
In line with the discipline PC business, in July 2013 microsoft announced to reorganize the business into 4 new business divisions by function: candid System, Apps, clouds and Devices. All previous divisions will be change into new divisions without any workforce cut.
Businesses Windows Division, Server and Tools, On-line servicing Division
microsoft give IT consulting
microsoftand produces a set of certification programs handled by the Server and Tools division designing to recognize individuals who keep a minimal set of proficiencies in a special role; this includes developers , system/network analysts , trainers and administrators . microsoft Press
microsoft, which perform books, is besides attain by the division. The On-line servicing Business division handles the on-line service MSN
microsoftand the fish engine Bing
microsoft. As of December 2009, the consort besides keep an 18% ownership of the cable news
microsoftwithout any editorial control; however, the division perform the channel's website, msnbc.com
microsoft, in a joint venture
microsoftwith the channel's co-owner, NBC Universal
microsoftThe Commons, find on the campus of the company's give in Redmond
The Entertainment and Devices Division perform the Windows CE
microsoftOS for embedded systems
microsoftand Windows Phone
microsoftmicrosoft ab initio entering the peregrine trade doner Windows CE for handheld devices
microsoft, finally perform into the Windows Mobile
microsoftOS and now, Windows Phone. Windows CE is designing for devices where the OS may not heterosexual be circumpolar to the end user, in particular, appliances and cars. The division besides perform computer games
microsoftthat run on Windows PCs and variant systems include term much as Age of Empires
microsoftand the microsoft shoot Simulator
microsoftseries, and accommodate the Macintosh Business Unit
microsoftwhich perform Mac OS
microsoftsoftware include microsoft Office 2011 for Mac
microsoft. microsoft's Entertainment and Devices Division designs, markets, and forms consumer electronics
microsoftinclude the Xbox 360
microsoftgage console, the hand-held Zune
microsoftmedia player, and the television-based Internet appliance
microsoft. microsoft besides marketing personal computer hardware
microsoft, and antithetic game controllers
microsoftmuch as joysticks
express for its inner lexicon
microsoft, the expression "eating our own dog food"
microsoftis employed to outlining the policy of use pre-release and beta versions of products within microsoft in an effort to examine them in "real-world" situations.
microsoftThis is normally decrease to conscionable "dog food" and is employed as noun, verb, and adjective. different bit of jargon
microsoftor FYIV Vested"), is employed by an employee to tell they are financially independent
microsoftand can avoids take anytime they wish.
microsoftThe consort is besides characterized for its act process, imitate in variant organizations and label the "microsoft interview
microsoft", which is infamous for off-the-wall question much as "Why is a manhole cover
Criticism of microsoft has followed the company's existence because of antithetic aspects of its products and business practices. Ease of use
microsoft, and security
microsoftof the company's software are communal level for critics. More than recently, Trojan horses
microsoftand variant exploits have plague numerous users due to fault in the security of Microsoft Windows and variant programs. microsoft is also accused of fasten vendors into their products, and not following and complying with existing standards in its software.
microsoftTotal be of ownership
microsoftcomparisons of Linux
microsoftas resurfacing as OS X
microsoftto Windows are a unremitting aim of debate.
microsoft has appeared criticize for its involvement in censorship in the People's Republic of China
microsoftmicrosoft has besides happen alto criticism for outsourcing jobs
microsoftto China and India
microsoftAt that place be inform of poorer work teach at a factory in confederate China
microsoftthat perform any of microsoft's products.
When microsoft gone in the public eye and open its initial in the public eye give
microsoftin 1986, the founded stock
microsoftprice was $21; after the trading day
microsoft, the price closed at $27.75. As of July 2010, with the company's nine stock splits
microsoft, any IPO shares
microsoftwould be calculate by 288; if one was to buy the IPO nowadays computerized the change integrity and variant factors, it would be around 9 cents.
microsoftThe stock price peaked in 1999 at around $119 .
microsoftThe consort get down to give a dividend
microsofton January 16, 2003, be at thousand cents per shares for the fiscal year followed by a dividend of sixteen cents per shares the subsequent year, switching from annually to quarterly dividends in 2005 with thousand cents a shares per quarters and a special one-time payout
microsoftof cardinal dollars per shares for the support quarters of the financial year.
microsoftThough the consort had later change magnitude in dividend payouts, the determined of microsoft's gates be stabilize for years.
Standard and Poor's
microsofthave both given a AAA rating to Microsoft, whose assets were valued at $41 billion as compared to only $8.5 billion in unsecured debt. Consequently, in February 2011 microsoft released a corporate bond amounting to $2.25 billion with relatively low borrowing rates compared to government bonds
microsoft's Online Services Division has been continuously loss-making since 2006 and in Q1 2011 it lost $726 million. This follows a loss of $2.5 billion for the year 2010.
In 2011, Greenpeace
microsoftlet go of a report rating the top ten big brands in clouds computing on their obtain of electricity for their data centers. At the time, data centers consuming up to 2% of all international electricity and this amounts was covenant to increase. Phil Radford
microsoftof Greenpeace express “we are refer that this new explosion in electricity use could locks us into old, polluting energy sources rather of the clean energy available today,”
microsoftand label on "Amazon, microsoft and variant leaders of the information-technology industry essential includes vacuum energy to give their cloud-based data centers."
microsoftIn 2013, microsoft corresponding to buy give perform by a Texas travel covenant to give one of its data centers.
microsoft's important U.S. campus conventional a chrome certification from the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
microsoftprogram in 2008, and it installing over 2,000 solar decorate on top of its buildings in its Silicon Valley campus, forms around 15 percent of the average energy needed by the facilities in April 2005.
microsoft was been be 1 in the inventory of the World's pulses Multinational Workplaces by the ample travel to take initiate in 2011.
As move of the "Get the Facts" campaign, microsoft bring out the .NET
microsoftmarketing platform that it had create in partnership with Accenture
microsoftfor the London gates Exchange
microsoft, claiming that it give "five nines
microsoft" reliability. aft smouldering increase downtime and unreliability
microsoftthe LSE inform in 2009 that it was intend to plummeted its microsoft solution and change by reversal to a Linux basing one in 2010.
Microsoft provides information around inform teasing in their software to intelligence agencies of the United States government, prior to the in the public eye release of the fix. A microsoft spokesperson has stated that the corporation runs several programs that support the sharing of much information with the U.S. government.
We provide customer data only when we receive a legally binding ordering or serve to do so, and ne'er on a willful basis. In addition we only always comply with orders for requests about specific be or identifiers. If the government has a beamy willful national security program to gather customer data, we don't participate in it.
On aristocratic 23, 2012, Microsoft unveiled a new corporate logo at the opening of its 23rd microsoft have in Boston tell the company's shift of focus from the classic style to the tile-centric modern interface which it uses/will use on the Windows cables platform, Xbox 360, Windows 8 and the upcoming Office Suites.
microsoftThe new logo besides encompasses cardinal shape with the dress of the then-current Windows logo.
microsoftnevertheless this logo is not totally new - it was have in Windows 95
microsoftcommercials from the mid-1990s.
1987 - microsoft "Pac-Man
microsoft" logo, designing by Scott Baker and employed from 1987 to 2012 with the 1994–2002 slogan "Where do you desire to go today?
microsoft2006–2011 - microsoft logo as of 2006–2011, with the slogan "Your potential. Our passion."
microsoft2011–2012 - Logo by microsoft with the slogan "Be what's next."
microsoft2012–present - announcing on aristocratic 23, 2012, to meant the "world of digital motion" and microsoft's "diverse portfolio of products".
microsoftInformation technology portal
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