Microsoft

Posted by admin on February 20, 2015
Microsoft
Coordinates
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: 47°38′23″N 122°7′42″W / 47.63972°N 122.12833°W / 47.63972; -122.12833
microsoft

microsoft Corporation
microsoft
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lie canvas carts of making 17, one of the ample buildings on microsoft's important campus, Redmond Type
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Public
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Traded as
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NASDAQ
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MSFT
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Dow Jones Industrial normal Component
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NASDAQ-100 Component
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S&P 500 Component
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Industry Computer software
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, Computer hardware
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initiative Albuquerque
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, New Mexico
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, U.S.
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overreaching Bill Gates
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, Paul Allen
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give microsoft Redmond Campus
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, Redmond, Washington
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, U.S. Area suffice intercontinental Key populate Bill Gates
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Steve Ballmer
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Products Windows
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Office
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Dynamics
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Azure
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Xbox
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Surface
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Bing
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Skype
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more...
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Revenue US$
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77.85 billion
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Operating income
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US$ 26.76 billion
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Net income
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US$ 21.86 billion
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Total assets
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US$ 142.43 billion
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Total equity
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US$ 78.94 billion
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Employees 100,518
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Subsidiaries
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List of microsoft subsidiaries
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Website microsoft.com
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References:
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microsoft was initiative by Bill Gates
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and Paul Allen
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on April 4, 1975 to discipline and transfer BASIC
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interpreters
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for Altair 8800
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. It moving to command the personal computer
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operating system
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trade with MS-DOS
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in the mid-1980s, followed by the microsoft Windows
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. The company's 1986 initial in the public eye offering
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, and later tower in its shares price, created an estimated cardinal billionaires and 12,000 millionaires from microsoft employees. Since the 1990s, it has progressively improved from the operating system market and has made a be of corporate acquisitions
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. In May 2011, microsoft dress Skype Technologies
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for $8.5 billion in its largest acquisition to date.
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restrict 1 History
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1.1 1972–83: opening and consort beginnings
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1.2 1984–94: Windows and Office
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1.3 1995–2005: Internet and the 32-bit era
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1.4 2006–10: Windows Vista, mobile, and Windows 7
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1.5 2011–present: Rebranding, Windows 8, and Surface
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2 Businesses
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2.1 Windows Division, Server and Tools, On-line servicing Division
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2.2 Business Division
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2.3 Entertainment and Devices Division
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3 Culture
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4 Criticism
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5 Corporate affairs
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5.1 Financial
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5.2 Environment
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5.3 Marketing
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5.4 Cooperation with the connects express Government
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5.5 Logo
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6 See also
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7 References
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8 outer links
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Paul Allen
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and Bill Gates
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, childhood friends with a passion in computer programming
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, be cotton to forms a successful business dedicated their shared skills. In 1972 they initiative their archetypal consort designate Traf-O-Data
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, which offered a basal computer that tracked and analyzed travel traffic data. Allen went on to pursue a degree in computer science at the University of Washington, later travel out of educate to work at Honeywell. Gates began analyse at Harvard.
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The January 1975 publicize of Popular Electronics
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have Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems
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's Altair 8800
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microcomputer
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. Allen detects that they could schedule a BASIC
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interpreter
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for the device; after a call from fuel claiming to keep a working interpreter, MITS network a demonstration. Since they didn't actually keep one, Allen work on a simulator
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for the Altair while Gates create the interpreter. Although they create the interpreter on a simulator and not the current device, the interpreter worked cleanly when they demonstrated the interpreter to MITS in Albuquerque
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, New Mexico in gimp 1975; MITS corresponding to spread it, marketed it as Altair BASIC
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.
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:108, 112–114 They formally open microsoft on April 4, 1975, with fuel as the CEO
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.
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Allen happen up with the archetypal term of "Micro-Soft," the combination of the express microcomputer and software, as introduced in a 1995 Fortune magazine article
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. In aristocratic 1977 the consort perform an agreement with ASCII Magazine in Japan, prove in its archetypal world office, "ASCII microsoft
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".
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The consort moving to a new chambers in Bellevue, Washington
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in January 1979.
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While collectively perform a new OS with IBM in 1984, OS/2
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, microsoft let go of microsoft Windows
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, a graphic extension for MS-DOS, on November 20, 1985.
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:242–243, 246 microsoft moving its give to Redmond on February 26, 1986, and on gimp 13 the consort gone public
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;
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the prove tower in the gates would forms an reason cardinal billionaires and 12,000 millionaires from microsoft employees.
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Due to the partnership with IBM, in 1990 the Federal marketing Commission
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set its eye on microsoft for accomplishable collusion
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; it attach the get down of finished a decade of judicial single with the U.S. Government.
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microsoft inform the sacrifice of its version of OS/2 to original equipment manufacturers
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on April 2, 1987;
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:243–244 meanwhile, the consort was at take on a 32-bit
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OS, microsoft Windows NT
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, use ideas from OS/2; it setting on July 21, 1993, with a new modular
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kernel
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and the Win32
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application schedule interface
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, building porting
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from 16-bit
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Windows easier. formerly microsoft covenant IBM of NT, the OS/2 partnership deteriorated.
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On July 27, 1994, the U.S. Department of Justice, Antitrust Division filed a agonistic Impact Statement that said, in part: "Beginning in 1988, and continuing until July 15, 1994, Microsoft perform many OEMs to execute anti-competitive "per processor" licenses. alto a per processor license, an OEM pays Microsoft a royalty for all computer it transfer containing a specific microprocessor, whether the OEM transfer the computer with a Microsoft operating system or a non-Microsoft operating system. In effect, the royalty payment to Microsoft when no Microsoft product is being used acts as a penalty, or tax, on the OEM's use of a plays PC operating system. Since 1988, microsoft's use of per processor accept has increased."
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1995–2005: Internet and the 32-bit era
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account fuel powering his deposition in 1998 for the United express v. microsoft
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trial. formerly the U.S. Department of Justice
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1993 work over from the nationalist marketing Commission, a protracted judicial quarrel betwixt Microsoft and the department ensued, prove in various settlements and possible blocked mergers. microsoft would aim to companies such as AOL-Time Warner
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in its defense.
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account fuel exchange finished the CEO deployed on January 13, 2000, to Steve Ballmer
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, an old college friend of fuel and employee of the consort since 1980, perform a new deployed for himself as important Software Architect
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.
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:111, 228
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antithetic allies include microsoft perform the Trusted reason Platform Alliance
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in October 1999 to, among variant things, added security and wall intellectual property
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doner price dress in hardware and software. Critics condemning the alliance as a way to enforce promiscuous restrictions finished how consumers use software, and finished how computers behave, a perform of digital rights management
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; for example the scenario where a computer is not single get for its owner, but besides get against its owner as well.
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On April 3, 2000, a judgment was exchange drink in the inspect of United express v. microsoft
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,
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designate the consort an "abusive monopoly";
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it improved with the U.S. Department of Justice in 2004.
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On October 25, 2001, microsoft let go of Windows XP
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, compound the mainstream and NT lie alto the NT codebase.
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The consort let go of the Xbox
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concomitant that year, entered the game console
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trade dominate by Sony
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and Nintendo
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.
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In gimp 2004 the European Union
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travel antitrust judicial contest against the company
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, repeat it mock its dominance with the Windows OS, prove in a judgment of €497 million and to produce new versions of Windows XP without Windows Media Player
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, Windows XP chambers Edition N and Windows XP nonrecreational N.
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2006–10: Windows Vista, mobile, and Windows 7
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CEO Steve Ballmer
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at the MIX
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event in 2008. In an converse around his management label in 2005, he think of that his archetypal priority was to get the populate he delegates
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to in order. Ballmer besides emphasized the need to act behave new technologies even if initials act fail, repeat the original act with Windows as an example.
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2007 besides saw the creation of a multi-core unit at microsoft, as they followed in the travel of server allies much as Sun and IBM.
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As the smartphone industry sound get down in 2007, microsoft risk to maintain up with its compete Apple
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and Google
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in give a contemporary smartphone candid system. As a result, in 2010, microsoft restoring their aging flagship peregrine candid system, Windows Mobile
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, regenerate it with the new Windows Phone
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OS; on with a new strategy in the smartphone industry that has microsoft work more than closely with smartphone manufacturers, much as Nokia
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, and to provide a accordant user experience across all smartphones use microsoft's Windows Phone OS. It employed a new user interface design language, codenamed "Metro", which conspicuously employed simple shapes, typography and iconography, and the concept of minimalism.
Following the sacrifice of Windows Phone
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, microsoft improved a piecemeal rebranding
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of its product crops end-to-end 2011 and 2012—the corporation's logos, products, services, and websites adopting the principles and concepts of the Metro engineered language
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.
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microsoft guard Windows 8
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, an candid system designing to give any subjective computers and tablet computers
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, in Taipei in June 2011.
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A developer guard was let go of on September 13, and was replace by a consumer guard on February 29, 2012.
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On May 31, 2012, the guard version was released.
On gimp 29, 2013, microsoft open a procure Tracker.
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The Kinect
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sensor device was repaired for the 2013 sacrifice of the eighth-generation Xbox One
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and its capabilities be revealed in May 2013. The new Kinect uses an ultra-wide 1080p camera, it can function in the darker due to an infrared sensor, it employs higher-end disturbs give and new software, it can stratified betwixt schedule movements , and the device can determine a user's heart rate by looking at his/her face.
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Microsoft filed a patent application in 2011 that suggests that the corporation may use the Kinect camera system to monitor the behavior of television viewers as part of a scheduling to forms the think experience more than active.On July 19, 2013, Microsoft stocks suffered its biggest one-day percentage sell-off since the year 2000 aft its fourth-quarter report raised concerns among the investors on the poor showings of any Windows 8 and the well tablet; with more than than 11 percentage points change state microsoft suffered a loss of more than than USD 32billion.
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For the 2010 fiscal year
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, Microsoft had cardinal product divisions: Windows Division, Server and Tools, On-line servicing Division, microsoft Business Division, and Entertainment and Devices Division.
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Kinect
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controller
microsoft's truest CEO
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is Steve Ballmer
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, who is set to retire indoors cardinal months aft aristocratic 2013.
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In line with the discipline PC business, in July 2013 microsoft announced to reorganize the business into 4 new business divisions by function: candid System, Apps, clouds and Devices. All previous divisions will be change into new divisions without any workforce cut.
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Businesses Windows Division, Server and Tools, On-line servicing Division
microsoft give IT consulting
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and produces a set of certification programs handled by the Server and Tools division designing to recognize individuals who keep a minimal set of proficiencies in a special role; this includes developers , system/network analysts , trainers and administrators . microsoft Press
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, which perform books, is besides attain by the division. The On-line servicing Business division handles the on-line service MSN
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and the fish engine Bing
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. As of December 2009, the consort besides keep an 18% ownership of the cable news
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transport MSNBC
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without any editorial control; however, the division perform the channel's website, msnbc.com
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, in a joint venture
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with the channel's co-owner, NBC Universal
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.
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Business Division
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The Commons, find on the campus of the company's give in Redmond
The Entertainment and Devices Division perform the Windows CE
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OS for embedded systems
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and Windows Phone
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for smartphones
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.
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microsoft ab initio entering the peregrine trade doner Windows CE for handheld devices
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, finally perform into the Windows Mobile
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OS and now, Windows Phone. Windows CE is designing for devices where the OS may not heterosexual be circumpolar to the end user, in particular, appliances and cars. The division besides perform computer games
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that run on Windows PCs and variant systems include term much as Age of Empires
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, Halo
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and the microsoft shoot Simulator
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series, and accommodate the Macintosh Business Unit
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which perform Mac OS
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software include microsoft Office 2011 for Mac
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. microsoft's Entertainment and Devices Division designs, markets, and forms consumer electronics
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include the Xbox 360
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gage console, the hand-held Zune
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media player, and the television-based Internet appliance
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MSN TV
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. microsoft besides marketing personal computer hardware
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include mice
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, keyboards
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, and antithetic game controllers
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much as joysticks
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and gamepads
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.
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express for its inner lexicon
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, the expression "eating our own dog food"
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is employed to outlining the policy of use pre-release and beta versions of products within microsoft in an effort to examine them in "real-world" situations.
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This is normally decrease to conscionable "dog food" and is employed as noun, verb, and adjective. different bit of jargon
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, FYIFV
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or FYIV Vested"), is employed by an employee to tell they are financially independent
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and can avoids take anytime they wish.
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The consort is besides characterized for its act process, imitate in variant organizations and label the "microsoft interview
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", which is infamous for off-the-wall question much as "Why is a manhole cover
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round?".
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Criticism of microsoft has followed the company's existence because of antithetic aspects of its products and business practices. Ease of use
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, stability
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, and security
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of the company's software are communal level for critics. More than recently, Trojan horses
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and variant exploits have plague numerous users due to fault in the security of Microsoft Windows and variant programs. microsoft is also accused of fasten vendors into their products, and not following and complying with existing standards in its software.
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Total be of ownership
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comparisons of Linux
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as resurfacing as OS X
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to Windows are a unremitting aim of debate.
microsoft has appeared criticize for its involvement in censorship in the People's Republic of China
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.
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microsoft has besides happen alto criticism for outsourcing jobs
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to China and India
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.
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microsoft
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At that place be inform of poorer work teach at a factory in confederate China
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that perform any of microsoft's products.
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Corporate affairs
When microsoft gone in the public eye and open its initial in the public eye give
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in 1986, the founded stock
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price was $21; after the trading day
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, the price closed at $27.75. As of July 2010, with the company's nine stock splits
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, any IPO shares
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would be calculate by 288; if one was to buy the IPO nowadays computerized the change integrity and variant factors, it would be around 9 cents.
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:235–236
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The stock price peaked in 1999 at around $119 .
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The consort get down to give a dividend
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on January 16, 2003, be at thousand cents per shares for the fiscal year followed by a dividend of sixteen cents per shares the subsequent year, switching from annually to quarterly dividends in 2005 with thousand cents a shares per quarters and a special one-time payout
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of cardinal dollars per shares for the support quarters of the financial year.
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Though the consort had later change magnitude in dividend payouts, the determined of microsoft's gates be stabilize for years.
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Standard and Poor's
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and Moody's
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have both given a AAA rating to Microsoft, whose assets were valued at $41 billion as compared to only $8.5 billion in unsecured debt. Consequently, in February 2011 microsoft released a corporate bond amounting to $2.25 billion with relatively low borrowing rates compared to government bonds
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.
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microsoft's Online Services Division has been continuously loss-making since 2006 and in Q1 2011 it lost $726 million. This follows a loss of $2.5 billion for the year 2010.
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In 2011, Greenpeace
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let go of a report rating the top ten big brands in clouds computing on their obtain of electricity for their data centers. At the time, data centers consuming up to 2% of all international electricity and this amounts was covenant to increase. Phil Radford
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of Greenpeace express “we are refer that this new explosion in electricity use could locks us into old, polluting energy sources rather of the clean energy available today,”
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and label on "Amazon, microsoft and variant leaders of the information-technology industry essential includes vacuum energy to give their cloud-based data centers."
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In 2013, microsoft corresponding to buy give perform by a Texas travel covenant to give one of its data centers.
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microsoft's important U.S. campus conventional a chrome certification from the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
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program in 2008, and it installing over 2,000 solar decorate on top of its buildings in its Silicon Valley campus, forms around 15 percent of the average energy needed by the facilities in April 2005.
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microsoft was been be 1 in the inventory of the World's pulses Multinational Workplaces by the ample travel to take initiate in 2011.
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marketed
As move of the "Get the Facts" campaign, microsoft bring out the .NET
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marketing platform that it had create in partnership with Accenture
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for the London gates Exchange
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, claiming that it give "five nines
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" reliability. aft smouldering increase downtime and unreliability
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the LSE inform in 2009 that it was intend to plummeted its microsoft solution and change by reversal to a Linux basing one in 2010.
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Microsoft provides information around inform teasing in their software to intelligence agencies of the United States government, prior to the in the public eye release of the fix. A microsoft spokesperson has stated that the corporation runs several programs that support the sharing of much information with the U.S. government.
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We provide customer data only when we receive a legally binding ordering or serve to do so, and ne'er on a willful basis. In addition we only always comply with orders for requests about specific be or identifiers. If the government has a beamy willful national security program to gather customer data, we don't participate in it.
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Logo
On aristocratic 23, 2012, Microsoft unveiled a new corporate logo at the opening of its 23rd microsoft have in Boston tell the company's shift of focus from the classic style to the tile-centric modern interface which it uses/will use on the Windows cables platform, Xbox 360, Windows 8 and the upcoming Office Suites.
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The new logo besides encompasses cardinal shape with the dress of the then-current Windows logo.
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nevertheless this logo is not totally new - it was have in Windows 95
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commercials from the mid-1990s.
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2006–2011
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2012–present
1987 - microsoft "Pac-Man
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" logo, designing by Scott Baker and employed from 1987 to 2012 with the 1994–2002 slogan "Where do you desire to go today?
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".
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2006–2011 - microsoft logo as of 2006–2011, with the slogan "Your potential. Our passion."
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2011–2012 - Logo by microsoft with the slogan "Be what's next."
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2012–present - announcing on aristocratic 23, 2012, to meant the "world of digital motion" and microsoft's "diverse portfolio of products".
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See besides
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microsoft portal
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Xbox portal
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Information technology portal
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Companies portal
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Seattle portal
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